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Weathering the MOOC Storm Moving Up the Flip Continuum

Weathering the MOOC Storm Moving Up the Flip Continuum

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Weathering the MOOC Storm Moving Up the Flip Continuum

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  1. Weathering the MOOC StormMoving Up the Flip Continuum G. Peter Wilson Boston College Canadian Academic Accounting Association 2013 Annual Meeting May 31, 2013 Slides posted at www.navigatingaccounting.com/presentation/presentations#Teaching

  2. Weathering the MOOC StormMoving Up the Flip Continuum Agenda • Preliminaries • Flipped classroom • Flip challenges • Flip example • Closing thoughts

  3. Weathering the MOOC StormPreliminaries – Are we ready? “Online education is about to change the entirety of education in the elite university system,” says Roger Faxon, a board member of Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore. “The question is really: is the faculty readybecause the students are ready?” ….. Tests of this so-called “flipped classroom” have been encouraging. “Education: From blackboard to keyboard." The Financial Times 18 Jan 2013 www.ft.com/cms/s/0/8de6072c-60a0-11e2-a31a-00144feab49a.html#axzz2JBvqf6zM

  4. Weathering the MOOC StormPreliminaries – Are we ready? Ready for What? Hurricane Sandy spaghetti chart http://www.northcountrypublicradio.org/news/npr/163725684/computers-pinch-of-art-aid-hurricane-forecasters

  5. Weathering the MOOC StormPreliminaries – Thinking Hierarchy • The first and lowest level of the hierarchy is the capacity to answer questions where experts agree on the answers. • The second level of the hierarchyis the capacity to answer questions where experts can reasonably disagree on the answers and where arguments are informed to the extent they are grounded in logic, theory, and facts. • The third and highest level of the hierarchy is the capacity to be innovative. Teaching converges with research as you move up the hierarchy!

  6. Weathering the MOOC StormFlipped Classroom – Peer Instruction "I thought I was a good teacher until I discovered my students were just memorizing information rather than learning to understand the material. …. It was my teaching that caused students to fail!" http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WwslBPj8GgI

  7. Weathering the MOOC StormFlipped Classroom – New Roles • Students’ roles • Move as far as possible up the thinking hierarchy outside of class, given time constraints and available resources. • Move further up the hierarchy during class by participating in interactive activities that require faculty involvement. • Faculty’s roles • Facilitate interactive discussions, help students locate and utilize resources, and develop class activities and assignments that move them further up the hierarchy. • Develop ways to assess higher-level thinking that provide appropriate feedback, motivation, and evaluations.

  8. Weathering the MOOC StormFlipped Classroom – the Flip Continuum Keep learning new flips • The boundaries of what can and can’t be learned effectively through electronic media without significant faculty-student interaction will continue to evolve with new technologies and learning models. http://www.fanpop.com/spots/jacob-black/images/8583965/title/taylor-lautner-flips-rolling-stones-photo http://gymnastics.about.com/od/famousgymnasts/ig/Shawn-Johnson-Gallery/Shawn-Johnson-Flip-.htm

  9. Weathering the MOOC StormFlipped Classroom – Flip or be Flipped Flip or be flipped • Human capital based solely on the lowest level of the thinking hierarchy is becoming commoditized. • Low-cost providers ultimately win in commodity markets, often by achieving economies of scale. • Students and faculty who fail to move up the thinking hierarchy risk being flipped out of their jobs. • Students risk having their jobs outsourced to technology or developing countries. • Faculty risk having their jobs outsourced to technology.

  10. Weathering the MOOC StormFlipped Classroom – Flip or be Flipped Flip or be flipped • To free up time during class to move up the thinking hierarchy and to come prepared for related discussions, students must learn the prerequisite knowledge and skills prior to class. • Thus, for students to stay competitive by moving up the thinking hierarchy, we and our students must continue moving up the flip continuum.

  11. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Challenges – Easier Said than Done! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=jQT3dGTMCS4

  12. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Challenges – Easier Said than Done! Motivation and Resources • Students must be motivated to assume additional responsibilities associated with flipping the classroom and have access to the resources and guidance needed to succeed. • Faculty must be motivated to flip the classroom and have the resources to succeed. • The education system needs to commit to moving students further up the thinking hierarchy and supporting the development of performance measures that faithfully represent progress towards this goal.

  13. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Challenges – Easier Said than Done! Knowledge and Skills • Faculty must identify resources and develop guidance that help students learn foundational knowledge and skills prior to class, broadly defined to be any forum where students interact with faculty. • Faculty must identify activities that help students move further up the thinking hierarchy during class and acquire the requisite skills to facilitate these activities. • Students must learn how to learn foundational knowledge and skills prior to class and how to participate in higher-level thinking activities during class.

  14. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Challenges: Motivating Preparation and Participation • Responsibilities • Students don’t know their responsibilities. • Motivation • They aren’t sufficiently motivated to meet them. • Resource constraints • They don’t have access to the resources needed to meet them or don’t know about available resources. • Strategies • They don’t have effective strategies to use resources.

  15. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Challenges: Motivating Preparation and Participation Learn from the masters Marva Collins Richard Feynman http://www.marvacollins.com/biography.html http://uweanimation.blogspot.com/2011/03/interesting-scientist-richard-feynman.html

  16. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Class Preparation: Income Statement Basics Guidance is essential

  17. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Class Preparation : Income Statement Basics Students watch videos to learn basics prior to class and review them later

  18. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Class Preparation: Income Statement Basics Students tackle exercises prior to class and identify areas where they are having difficulty.

  19. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Classroom Activities: Refining Basics Students are polled at the start of class to identify places in the assignment where they need help before moving on to more challenging applications.

  20. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Classroom Activities: Refining Basics Class works on problem areas as quickly as possible. Here, locating OCI.

  21. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Classroom Activities: Extending Basics Use “clicker questions” to assess students’ understanding of basic concepts or their capacity to apply them in other contexts

  22. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Class Preparation: Analysis Group assignments help students move up to level 2 of the thinking hierarchy

  23. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Class Preparation: Analysis Online resources for group assignments

  24. Embracing Changes and Teaching EffectivenessFlip Example – Class Preparation: LIFO-FIFO Analysis Students must collect some of the inputs for their analyses from companies’ disclosures

  25. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Class Preparation: LIFO-FIFO Analysis Provide exercises and guidance to help students move up the thinking hierarchy

  26. Weathering the MOOC StormFlip Example – Classroom Activities: LIFO-FIFO Analysis Lead open ended interactive discussions during class

  27. Weathering the MOOC StormClosing Thoughts – Aim High Gold medalist flippers Marva Collins Eric Mazur Richard Feynman http://www.marvacollins.com/biography.html http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WwslBPj8GgI http://uweanimation.blogspot.com/2011/03/interesting-scientist-richard-feynman.html

  28. Weathering the MOOC StormClosing Thoughts – Aim High Go for the Gold • Prepare your students to compete globally by helping them learn higher-level thinking that promotes and leverages a commitment to freedom of thought, diversity, meritocracy, and risk taking. • To the extent your students’ lives are enriched this way, yours too will be enriched. http://gymnastics.about.com/od/famousgymnasts/ig/Shawn-Johnson-Gallery/Shawn-Johnson-Flip-.htm