PLANET MARS • Does life exist on Mars? Mars Video
ALIENS! • Christiaan Huygens, 1659: rate of rotation similar to Earth’s
ALIENS! • Canals on Mars sparked belief of alien life • Giovanni Virginio Schiaparelli, 1877 • 40 lines crossing Mars • Percival Lowell, late 1800s • 160 canals
Alien Canals • People associated Mars’ canals with our manmade canals • Changes in brightness (vegetation) on surface areas of Mars caused the belief that the canals were built to water crops Rock on Mars that appears to have formed under watery conditions/ NASA Polar ice cap believed to have Supplied the water for the Irrigation system on Mars
Since Mars appears so desert-like, why wouldn’t its alien residents want to invade Earth?! ALIEN INVASION!
H.G. Wells, 1898: War of the Worlds Orson Welles, 1938: Mercury Theatre, War of the Worlds ALIEN INVASION!
ALIEN INVASION! • An estimated 1 million people panicked after hearing parts of Orson Welles’ broadcast • This estimation was believed to be exaggerated by the media
Novels Ray Bradbury, Martian Chronicles Edgar Rice Burroughs, John Carter of Mars Arthur C. Clarke, Sands of Mars Robert A. Heinlein, Stranger in a Strange Land,Podykayne of Mars, and Red Planet C. S. Lewis, Out of the Silent Planet C. L. Moore, Shambleu Alexei Tolstoy, Aelita Kim Stanley Robinson Movies Alien E.T. The Extra-terrestrial Signs Independence Day War of the Worlds The X Files Mars Attacks Alien Nation Invasion of the Body Snatchers The Thing Duel ALIEN INVASION: Popular Culture