International sporting eventsworld championships • Football - 1930 • Rugby – 1987 wwec • Cricket - 1975 • Athletics - 1991 • Formula one - 1950
High profile events • Wimbledon • Super bowl • Football leagues • One off – such as boxing
Competitions Most sport is competitive. This is why people like to play it. Competition has to be organised. It may take the form of: Knockout Ladders Round robin League
Competitions • Some competitions use a mixture of the above, e.g. UEFA Champions League. • It is up to the organisers to run the competition in the fairest way possible.
Competitions- Knockout • Good when there is a large entry field. • Quick and easy to organise. • How many knockout competitions can you think of?
Competitions- Knockout • Events are played in rounds. Each entrant plays another and the winner goes through to the next round. • The number of entrants is halved each round. • This is the major disadvantage of ‘knockout’ competitions as losing competitors get to only play once. • The second best team could get knocked out in the first round! • Is this a disadvantage or does it make the competition more exciting?
Competitions- Knockout • To avoid better players or teams from getting ‘knocked out’ early, some competitions use seeding. • Top entrants are spread out so that they could only meet in the final… if they get that far. • Competition officials have to still decide on an accurate and fair way of seeding players.
Competitions- Knockout • Wimbledon tennis tournament uses seeding. Computers help officials dictate seeds. • Why would Wimbledon officials like to see the top 2 seeds only meet in the final?
Competitions- Knockout • Preliminary rounds where less skilled entrants play against each other to meet the top teams/players are often used. e.g. The FA cup Euro/World cup qualifiers Tennis entry competitions
Competitions- Knockout • Most international competitions in any sport start with a qualifying stage and end in a knockout tournament. • Organisers would ideally like 2,4,8,16,32,64 or 128 entries. Why? • Sometimes preliminary rounds with byes (no game played) are held to get correct numbers. • The first round losers in some competitions get entered into a plate competition so that more games can be played.
Competitions- Knockout Organise a knockout competition for the people in your class. Are you going to seed, have prelim rounds or byes?
Competitions- Ladders • Usually played in a more social setting. • Names are listed on a ‘ladder’. You play someone higher than you on the ladder and if you beat them you take their place. • Usually you can only play someone a certain number of places above you. This means the bottom player has to work their way up the ladder.
Competitions- Ladders • A disadvantage is that players may not want to join the club as they would start at the bottom of the ladder. • What activities would a ladder system work well for?
Competitions- Round Robin • Everyone plays each other in a round robin. • Often used for pairs or individual events or in the final stages of team competitions. • Only works with small number of competitors or it would take too long.
Competitions - League • A popular type of competition. • Considered hardest to win as competition takes place over a period of time. • Team games often have knockout and league competitions. • Every team plays each other at least once, often twice, home and away. • You usually get points for winning, drawing but none for a loss. • The league winner is the team with the most points!
Competitions - League • Several leagues may be in operation within a competition. • At the end of the season teams finishing at the top of the league get promoted and the ones at the bottom relegated. • There will be local and national leagues in most team sports. • In most cases it is possible to work your way up from a local league to a national one.
Competitions - League • Leagues usually run all season so the winner has been the most consistent over a period of time. • Most professional sport is league based because: • Fixtures can be arranged early and published. • Tickets can be sold in advance. • It is the most profitable system over time (finance). • A set number of games will be played.
Competitions • List the advantages and disadvantages of the four mentioned types of competition.